Friday, November 30, 2018

🚀 InSight is on Mars! Hubble's Back with a New Picture, Hopping Robots, First Stars, New Glenn Insights and More...



 

InSight is Safe and Sound on the Surface of Mars


The big news this week,of course, was the successful landing by NASA's InSight Lander, touching down on Mars on November 26th. Its complicated landing systems deployed with out a hitch, decelerating it from interplanetary velocity to a gentle landing in the Elysium Planitia region of Mars. This spot was chosen because its safe, flat terrain.

The lander will spend a while calibrating itself and taking a few images of its surroundings before using an impact drill to sink a probe 5 meters down into the regolith. Then it will spend the rest of its mission, listening carefully to the interior of Mars, mapping out the internal structure of the Red Planet.

Fraser Cain
Publisher
Universe Today

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Sibling star
 

One of the Sun's Sibling Stars Has Been Found. And it's Actually Pretty Close


Thanks to the hardworking Gaia spacecraft, astronomers think they've located a star that formed from the same solar nebula as the Sun. In fact, this star is a virtual twin of the Sun and it's actually pretty close. Well, astronomical speaking.

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Cubesats
 

One of the Most Exciting Parts of InSight is Actually the Tiny Cubesats Tagging Along for the Ride and Their Role in the Mission


The InSight Lander is huge news, but an even more exciting part of the mission, in my opinion, is the twin cubesats that joined it for the journey. They were launched together with InSight, but then separated and followed it to Mars. The goal was to see if small, relatively inexpensive cubesats could withstand the conditions of interplanetary space travel. Once at Mars, they took images, and relayed data back home from InSight, demonstrating that a cubesat can communicate back to Earth from Mars. 
 

Spacebooks
 

Cosmos on your Coffee Table: Big books Make a big Impact for Holiday Giving


Alan Boyle from Geekwire suggests four books as holiday gift ideas for the space fan in your life. I've got the Space Atlas book and it's amazing, and I really want to check out the Space Stations and All Over the Map. Of course, he also gives a kind word to our new book, The Universe Today Ultimate Guide to the Cosmos. 

Want more reviews of our book? Here's a great one from Brian Koberlein.
 


Hubble's back!
 

Hubble's First Picture After Returning to Service. The Telescope is Fully Operational Again with Three Working Gyros


For the past few months, the mighty Hubble Space Telescope was offline while engineers were troubleshooting a problem with its gyros. These are the spinning wheels that keep the telescope perfectly stable while it's imaging a target for hours, days and even weeks. NASA got the problem resolved, and this was the first image they showcased from the hardworking space telescope. Of course, it's filled with galaxies, classic Hubble.
 

Hopping robot
 

Hopping Robot Built to Leap Across the Surface of the Moon or Mars


What's the best way to navigate across the rough surface of another world, like the Moon or Mars? Wheels? Spider legs? What about a rover that could hop like a grasshopper or bunny? The European Space Agency is currently testing a prototype quadruped robot called SpaceBok, which would be able to reach a height of 4 meters jumping in the Moon's low gravity. This would allow it to travel quite quickly in the difficult terrain.
 


Supergiant star
 

We May Soon Be Able To See the First, Supergiant Stars in the Universe


The first stars in the Universe was monsters of pure hydrogen and helium, formed from the primordial elements leftover from the Big Bang. Known as Population III stars, these could have had 100,000 times the mass of the Sun, detonating as enormous supernovae, and seeding the Universe with heavier elements. And astronomers are about to have the instruments and techniques to finally be able to see them.
 


Blue Origin
 

Blue Origin Reveals Details About its New Glenn Rocket. First Launch will be in 2021


Blue Origin has been remarkably quiet about the development of their New Glenn orbital rocket. But a newly published Payload User Guide was sent out to potential Blue Origin customers that give plenty of juicy technical details about the new rocket system. It shows the rocket's trajectory, times for booster separation, and recovery of the first stage. If all goes well, we'll see the first launch in 2021.
 

TESS
 

Now that TESS is Operational, Astronomers Estimate it'll Find 14,000 Planets. 10 Could Be Earthlike Worlds in a Sunlike Star's Habitable Zone


Before the launch of the new planet-hunting Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (or TESS), astronomers only had rough estimates of how successful it would be. But now the spacecraft is actually finding planets, and a new estimate suggests that the mission will eventually find as many as 14,000 planets around us, including 10 of which that could be an Earthlike world orbiting a Sunlike star in the habitable zone. 
 

Soyuz Launch
 

Watch this Amazing Rocket Launch, Seen From Space


I know this video has been making the rounds, but if you haven't seen it already, take a minute and watch it. It's really stunning. You're looking at the launch of the Russian Progress MS-10 cargo spacecraft launched on November 16 from Kazakhstan to send cargo to the International Space Station. Astronaut Alexander Gerst captured the launch from orbit on board the station. Wow.
 

Earth
 

We Have the Technology. Airplanes Could Spray Particles into the Atmosphere to Battle Climate Change. But Should We?


As climate change continues to impact our planet's weather, contributing to sea level rise, increased wildfires and hurricane damage, scientists have been considering ways to deal with the increased temperatures. One idea would be to spray particles into the atmosphere like an artificial volcano eruption. And it turns out, it's surprisingly inexpensive and feasible to do. For a few billion dollars a year, we could offset trillions of dollars in damage. Of course, there are sure to be unintended consequences. Should we?
 


Martian Spring
 

Spring on Mars as the Last Remnants of Carbon Dioxide Snow Disappear


I really like this recently released picture from NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. It's an image taken in the polar regions of Mars, where the last remnants of carbon dioxide frost clings to the ground before it warms up to the point that that it sublimates into the atmosphere. The frost shows the strangely shaped cracks in the ground around a large impact crater.

 

Oumuamua
 

There Could be Hundreds of Interstellar Asteroids and Comets in the Solar System Right Now That we Could Study


We lost our chance to study the interstellar asteroid/comet Oumuamua and now it's speeding back out of the Solar System. But good news, the Solar System has probably captured hundreds of interstellar objects just like it. Now we just have to identify them and send missions to study them.
 

Cluster
 

Some of the Stars in this Cluster are Almost as Old as the Universe Itself While Others Formed in a Second Generation. It Looks Young and Old at the Same Time


This ancient globular star cluster (NGC 1866) has stars which are almost as old as the Universe itself. But it also has stars which formed relatively recently, which makes it look both young and old. It's believed that NGC 1866 formed early on, but then passed through a dust cloud, allowing it to capture new star making material to begin a second round of star formation.

 


Andromedids
 

A December Meteor Shower Could be Spectacular


You've probably never heard of the Andromedids Meteor Shower, and normally, they're not that exciting to watch. But in the past there have been full on storms with as many as 15,000 meteors per hour in the past. Because of our path through the trail of the comet that feeds the shower, we could be in for a treat when they peak on December 3rd, so make sure you keep an eye to the sky.
 

Other Interesting Space Stuff

Amazing Astrophotography on @universetoday



Mars


This isn't a photograph of Mars, it's a painting created by @stefanobove_art. Normally I feature astrophotography on our Instagram account, but I also like to feature artwork inspired by space too. 

We have featured nearly 1,000 astrophotographers on our Instagram page, which has more than 144,000 followers. Want to do a takeover? Use the hashtag #universetoday and I'll check out your photos.

 


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Wednesday, November 28, 2018

Speaking of Science: Marine biology gave TV its most famous sponge

Speaking of Science
Talk nerdy to us
 

Tom Kenny, left, Stephen Hillenburg, Princess Charlene of Monaco, Karen Hillenburg and a guest at the 2017 Princess Grace Awards Gala Kick Off Event at Paramount Studios on Oct. 24, 2017, in Hollywood. The event featured a special tribute to Hillenberg, creator of "SpongeBob SquarePants." (Matt Winkelmeyer/Getty Images for Princess Grace Foundation-USA)

On Nov. 26, Stephen Hillenburg, creator of the cartoon "SpongeBob SquarePants," died at 57 in his Los Angeles home. "SpongeBob," the fourth-longest-running animated show on U.S. television, stars a chipper ocean sponge, SpongeBob, with a snail for a pet and a sea star, named Patrick, for a best friend.

The sea floor was a familiar setting for Hillenburg — he taught marine biology at the Ocean Institute in Dana Point, Calif., before becoming an animator. Hillenburg's earliest stab at a talking sponge was a comic book character, Bob the Sponge, who exclaimed in the first panel: "You are about to embark on a journey into one of the most incredible ecosystems on this planet … the Intertidal Zone!" The 1989 comic failed to sell.

But transferred to TV, SpongeBob and his friends were a massive hit. Hillenburg, who cited explorer Jacques Cousteau as a major influence, used the popularity of the Nickelodeon cartoon to stump for marine conservation. In an interview with The Washington Post on a 2009 "SpongeBob" documentary, Hillenburg said: "People have to get together and [realize] how important our oceans are. One thing I'm hoping [will] come out of the documentary is the realization that the show came from something that's precious and that we need to appreciate it. It takes care of us. . . . Hopefully, if you watch 'SpongeBob,' you see plankton and crabs and starfish — and you'll [want to] take care of our oceans."

SpongeBob will live on even after the TV show, in its 12th season, runs its course. In 2011, San Francisco State University biologists spotted an unusual fleshy fungus in Borneo. The orange blob so resembled a sea sponge that the biologists decided to name it Spongiforma squarepantsii.

The editors of the journal Mycologia told the biologists that the name was "too frivolous," as San Francisco State University's Dennis Desjardin recounted to the Guardian in 2011. "We insisted that although the science might be their business, we could name it whatever we liked," he said. They prevailed, in a commitment to whimsy that would make a cartoon sponge proud.

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